Purpose of Study/Rationale
We intend to provide a high-quality PSHE education which establishes the key building blocks of healthy, respectful relationships, focusing on family and friendships, in all contexts, including online. This will sit alongside the essential understanding of how to be healthy. Teaching about mental well-being is central to these subjects as young people are increasingly experiencing challenges and are at particular risk of feeling lonely. The subject content will give them the knowledge and capability to take care of themselves and receive support if problems arise. Our PSHE curriculum intends to also build integral personal attributes including resilience, adaptability, kindness, integrity, generosity, and honesty, which are fundamental to pupils being happy, successful and productive members of society.
Alongside this, our PSHE curriculum also provides essential knowledge and skills to ensure pupils are can succeed and keep safe in an ever-adapting, challenging world. We endeavour to ensure our pupils understand the various identities in the UK and the world, respect differences and celebrate diversity. Furthermore, we aim to give pupils the skills and knowledge to enhanced their future economic well-being, careers and enterprise education, as well as their personal safety, including assessing and managing both negative and positive risk.
Our PSHE curriculum makes a significant contribution to pupils’ spiritual, moral, social and cultural (SMSC) development, their behaviour and safety and the school’s statutory responsibility to promote pupils’ well-being. In addition, the learning provided through our comprehensive PSHE curriculum is essential to safeguarding the pupil’s at Crossacres Primary Academy and ensure an effective prevention education.
The curriculum is designed to develop knowledge and skills that are progressive, enabling children to deepen their understanding of how to recognise healthy, respectful relationships, how to maintain a healthy lifestyle and how to remain safe in the wider world.
Our PSHE curriculum in each year is divided into three main strands: ‘Health and Well-being’, ‘Relationships’ and ‘Living in the Wider World’.
‘‘Health and Wellbeing’ specifies the understanding of the following:
- What is meant by a healthy lifestyle
- How to maintain physical, mental and emotional health and well-being
- How to manage risks to physical and emotional health and well-being
- Hays of keeping physically and emotionally safe
- Managing change, including puberty, transition and loss
- How to make informed choices about health and well-being and to recognise sources of help with this
- How to respond in an emergency
- Identify different influences on health and well-being
The ‘Relationships’ strand develops the following knowledge and skills:
- Understand the relationship with have with oneself is crucial, understanding our own emotions and feelings, self-respect and your own personal boundaries.
- How to develop and maintain a variety of healthy relationships, within a range of social/cultural contexts.
- How to recognise and manage emotions within a range of relationships.
- How to recognise risky or negative relationships including all forms of bullying.
- How to respond to risky or negative relationships and ask for help.
- How to respect equality and diversity in relationships.
Finally, ‘Living in the Wider World’ is the integral strand which ensures the understanding of our pupils’ positions in their local community, Britain and the community of the world. Throughout this strand we incorporate the fundamental British values of democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance of those with different faiths and beliefs; the pupils develop and demonstrate skills and attitudes that will allow them to participate fully in and contribute positively to life in modern Britain. Within this area, pupils learn the following:
- about respect for self and others and the importance of responsible behaviours and actions.
- about rights and responsibilities as members of families, other groups and ultimately as citizens.
- about different groups and communities.
- to respect diversity and equality and how to be a productive member of a diverse community.
- about the importance of respecting and protecting the environment.
- about where money comes from, keeping it safe and the importance of managing it effectively.
- About how democracy works in UK Parliament and how we are protected by laws and rights.
- the part that money plays in people’s lives.
- a basic understanding of enterprise.
Below are some links that we feel promote SMSC and give great insight into what it should look like in school: